Last month I suggested three must-dos for 2020. Whether you’ve started tackling all or none of them, they are on your radar. But you don’t know what you don’t know. So, to help steer you toward the next steps, let’s take a deeper dive into entity creation.
You need an entity to legally separate your personal and business assets. Take this example. You sign a contract with an architect to build out the cat grooming and boarding business you’ve always wanted, Cat Camp. If you contract with the architect in your personal capacity, the architect can sue you personally should things go awry, putting your personal assets at risk. If Cat Camp LLC contracts with the architect, then only the LLC’s assets are at risk. (This example presumes you did not sign a personal guarantee. A topic for another month.)
Creating a limited liability company, or an LLC, is straightforward and inexpensive. LLCs are also flexible. For example, an LLC may have one to many owners (called members) and with some limitations, may be taxed as a corporation, partnership, or passed through to the LLC’s owner’s tax return (a “disregarded entity”). Particularly for LLCs with more than one member, an operating agreement defining how the LLC will operate and the members’ obligations, for example, is essential. Certain types of businesses are not permitted to operate as LLCs, but for most small businesses, it’s a solid option.
If, for a variety of important reasons, an LLC is not the right choice, consider forming a corporation. Corporations come in different forms and each form has different uses and significance. How the corporation’s owners, called shareholders, want the corporation to be taxed is also an important consideration. For-profit corporations, or C corporations, are taxed at the entity and shareholder levels. Certain corporations may elect to be a S corporation and are taxed only at the shareholder level. To form an entity in Wisconsin, forms must be filed with the Wisconsin Department of Financial Institutions (DFI). The Wisconsin DFI’s Corporations section answers common questions about LLCs and corporations on its website.
Stephanie, owner of Melnick & Melnick, S.C. and self-described law nerd has been practicing law for over 25 years. Stephanie loves taking a deep dive into clients’ businesses to learn what makes them tick. She also relishes a well-written (short and simple) contract and is pleased to draft and negotiate all kinds, including leases, operating agreements, and terms of service.more posts by Stephanie →
- Entity Formation, FAQ